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Senin, 08 September 2008

Sound Intensity

Sound Intensity

Sound intensity is defined as the sound power per unit area. The usual context is the measurement of sound intensity in the air at a listener's location. The basic units are watts/m^2 or watts/cm^2 . Many sound intensity measurements are made relative to a standard intensity:

The most common approach to sound intensity measurement is to use the decibel scale:


Decibels measure the ratio of a given intensity I to the threshold of hearing intensity , so that this threshold takes the value 0 decibels (0 dB). To assess sound loudness, as distinct from an objective intensity measurement, the sensitivity of the ear must be factored in.

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